Das Institut für Sozialanthropologie der Universität Bern freut sich, die nächsten Anthropology Talks vom 5. und 6. Oktober 2021 ankünden zu dürfen. In dieser Vortrags- und Workshopsreihe laden wir prägende Wissenschaftler_innen der Sozial- und Kulturanthropologie ein, um ihre aktuelle Forschung zu diskutieren. Die Anthropology Talks 2021 finden mit Prof. Didier Fassin, Anne-Claire Defossez, Judith Marcou und Lorenzo Alunni statt. (Hier finden Sie Informationen zu ihrem aktuellen Forschungsprojekt "Crisis. A Global Inquiry into the Contemporary Moment".)
Anmeldung: Studierende melden sich bitte für die Vorlesung und die Workshops über KSL an, alle anderen per E-Mail an email@example.com.
European migration policies have created borderlands where individuals on the move experience precarious living conditions and find themselves between life and death. Judith Marcou and Lorenzo Alunni’s ethnographic works explore contemporary workings of borders, through the prisms of practices of border detention and the management of healthcare at the border. Marcou’s current ethnographic fieldwork takes place in French border detention centres, called the ‘waiting zones’. Her research focuses on the criminalisation of migration, institutional violence, and border-crossing experience. Alunni’s presentation is based on his ethnographic work in Lampedusa. He focuses on health issues through the articulation of two perspectives: healthcare provision for migrants as a form of border management, and the embodiment of borders. Through their ethnographic approaches, the two presentations aim to suggest a common framework for a discussion on the “migrant crisis” and the different forms and effects of its local production and elaboration.
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Politics of immigration are commonly presented in terms of policies of control of flows, especially so since 2015 when many displaced persons arrived in Europe through the Mediterranean causing what was called the “migrant crisis” by governments or the “refugee crisis” by non-governmental organizations. Starting with the ethnography of a scene at the French-Italian border where I have been conducting research in the past three years, I will propose a critical approach bringing together the various protagonists of this scene: the exiles, whether individuals or families; the volunteers, whether working as rescuers or in shelters; border patrols, whether from the police or the army. Within a few years, what was a free traffic zone between the two countries under the Schengen regulation has become a highly tense area where migrants and refugees risk their life crossing in the mountain above the pass, where a unique social movement has emerged to assist them, and where the state has deployed an impressive military presence while recognizing its concrete inefficacy. It is this dramaturgy that I will explore, considering the performative function of the politics of immigration.
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The French-Italian border in the Alps has become the arena where two logics of intervention towards migrants and refugees compete, and where the lives of exiles are treated in irreconcilable ways, implemented by protagonists with opposing goals and positions. The first logic is based on the constitutional principle of fraternity. This is the logic on the basis of which activists (they call themselves solidaires) champion the principle of the unconditional rescue and welcome of all migrants. The second logic rests on the principle of the State’s sovereignty, the fight against illegal immigration being one of its components. According to this logic, which is enforced by the police and the gendarmerie, the State has the right to control the borders and to decide who is granted access to the national territory.
Based on long-term fieldwork, this presentation describes the scene at the border and discusses the theoretical approaches of hospitality (Arendt, Derrida) as well as sovereignty and biopolitics (Foucault, Agamben), posing the question of the value of actual and concrete, rather than metaphysical or abstract, lives.
In this interactive workshop, Didier Fassin proposes a brief reflection on the violation of academic freedom before discussing contemporary examples of attacks on critical thinking with the workshop participants.